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Review of Laparoscopic Adjustable Gastric Banding to Treat Obesity
Stomach Banding Safety
Review of Laparoscopic Adjustable Gastric Banding to Treat Morbidly Obese
We attempted to compare the safety and efficacy of laparoscopic adjustable gastric banding with vertical-banded gastroplasty and gastric bypass. Morbid obesity presents a serious health issue for Western countries, with a rising incidence and a strong association with increased mortality and serious comorbidities, such as diabetes, hyperlipidemia, and cardiovascular disease. Unfortunately, conservative treatment options have proven ineffective. Surgical interventions, such as vertical-banded gastroplasty (stomach stapling), Roux-en-Y gastric bypass, and, more recently, laparoscopic gastric banding have been developed with the aim of providing a laparoscopically placed device that is safe and effective in generating substantial weight loss.
Electronic databases were systematically searched for references relating to obesity surgery by (1) laparoscopic adjustable gastric banding (LAGB), (2) vertical banded gastroplasty (VBG), and (3) Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB).
Only 6 studies reported comparative results for laparoscopic gastric banding and other surgical procedures. One study reported comparative results for all 3 surgical procedures, and this study was only of moderate quality. In total, 64 studies were found that reported results for laparoscopic adjustable gastric banding and 57 studies reported results on the comparative procedures. Laparoscopic adjustable gastric banding was associated with a mean short-term mortality rate of approximately 0.05% and an overall median morbidity rate of approximately 11.3%, compared with 0.50% and 23.6% for Roux-en-Y gastric bypass, and 0.31% and 25.7% for vertical banded gastroplasty. Overall, all 3 procedures produced considerable weight loss in patients up to 4 years in the case of LAGB (the maximum follow-up available at the time of the review), and more than 10 years in the case of the comparator procedures.
The Australian Safety and Efficacy Register of New Interventional Procedures-Surgical Review Group concluded that the evidence base was of average quality up to 4 years for LAGB. Laparoscopic gastric banding is safer than vertical banded gastroplasty and Roux-en-Y gastric bypass, in terms of short-term mortality rates. LAGB is effective, at least up to 4 years, as are the comparator procedures. Up to 2 years, LAGB results in less weight loss than RYGB; from 2 to 4 years there is no significant difference between LAGB and Roux-en-Y gastric bypass, but the quality of data is only moderate. The long-term efficacy of laparoscopic adjustable gastric banding remains unproven, and evaluation by randomized controlled trials is recommended to define its merits relative to the comparator procedures.
After Jejunoileal Bypass - Binge Eating Bypass Patients - Bariatric Surgery Adolescents - Bypass After Failed Banding Operation - Bypass Diet Exercise - Bypass Super-Obese Patients - Energy Expenditure Bypass - Energy Intake Weight Loss Bypass - Isolated Pouch Terminal Anastomosis - Jejunoileal Bypass Obesity - Gastric Bypass Sleep Apnea - Respiratory Failure Gastric Bypass - Roux Limb Length - Anastomosis Stricture Bypass - Adjustable Gastric Banding Follow-Up - Adjustable Silicone Gastric Banding - Esophagogastric Banding - Heliogast Band - Lap-Band System United States - Body Fluid Gastric Banding - Lap-band Experience - Lap-Band Failure - Lap Band Gastric Banding Italy - Lap-Band System - Low-Pressure Gastric Band - Magenstrasse Gastroplasty - Minimal Invasive Gastric Banding - Morbid Obesity Probnp levels - Non-Adjustable Gastric Banding - Swedish Adjustable Gastric Banding - Lap-Band Surgery Sweet-Eating - Visceral Obesity Banding - Central Obesity Adverse Effects - Laparoscopic Duodenal Switch - Gastric Bypass Obese Adolescents - Laparoscopic Adjustable Gastric Banding Adolescents - Radiology Laparoscopic Adjustable Gastric Banding - Laparoscopic Roux-en-Y Gastric Bypass - Laparoscopic Gastric Bypass Versus Banding - Laparoscopic Duodenal Switch - Review Laparoscopic Gastric Banding - Laparoscopic Gastric Bypass Study - Results Laparoscopic Lap-Band Bariatric Surgery - Laparoscopic Silicone Banding - Laparoscopic Surgical Procedures - Laparoscopic Versus Open Bypass - Linear Gastroenterostomy - Posterior Rectus Sheath - Repair Ventral Hernias Bypass - Results Laparoscopic Banding - Review Lap Banding Results - Roux-en-Y Gastric Bypass Hospital - Roux-en-Y Gastric Bypass Recalcitrant Gerd - Stapled Gastrojejunal Anastomosis - Access-Port Complications - Acylation-Stimulating Protein - Anastomotic Stricture Complication - Band Leakage After Gastric Banding - Lipid Profile Biliopancreatic Bypass - Body Composition After Bypass - Body Composition Gastric Banding - Cholecystectomy Combined Bypass - Comorbidities After Lap Band Surgery - Diabetes Hypertension Gastric Bypass - Weight Loss Obese Diabetics - Bariatric Surgery Diabetes Obese - Effects Adjustable Gastric Banding - Fat Soluble Vitamin Deficiency - Gastric Band Infection - Bone Metabolism Gastric Banding - Gastric Banding Crural Repair - Gastric Banding Renal Disease - Bypass Surgery Ghrelin Leptin - Gastric Bypass Surgery Ghrelin Levels - Bypass Surgery Immunity Effects - LAGB Two-Step Technique - LAGB Weight Health - Effect Of Laparoscopic Bypass Diabetes - Laparoscopic Heliogast Band - Laparoscopic Revisional Surgery - Gastrointestinal Symptoms After Bypass Surgery - Post-Operative Band Management - Pouch Dilation Slippage - Prophylactic Cholecystectomy - Radiological Examination Lap-Band - Reoperative Sleeve Gastrectomy - Safety of Duodenal Switch Bypass - Silicone Gastric Banding - Quality of Life After Gastric Bypass - Gastric Banding Outcomes - Health-Related Gastric Bypass - Preoperative Gastric Band Therapy - Psychological Effects After Gastric Banding - Psychosocial Outcomes Bypass Surgery - Counseling Support After Gastric Banding - Abdominoplasty Dermolipectomy - Fleur-de-Lys Abdominoplasty - Autologous Breast Augmentation - Breast Enlargement Liposuction
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Laparoscopic or open bariatric surgery, such as gastric banding or bypass is not an easy solution to morbid obesity and weight loss. It is a serious surgical procedure, involving health risks. To produce lasting weight loss it requires a long-term patient commitment to eating a healthy diet and following a regular program of physical exercise. Life-long use of nutritional supplements may also be necessary. So, before deciding, discuss your options fully with your doctor. © 2003-2017 Bariatric-Surgery.Info - Terms - Contact - Information - Resources