Link Between Obesity and Diabetes
Connection between type 2 diabetes and
& Overweight | Body Mass
Index Information | Health
Risks of Obesity | Surgery
for Morbid/ Malignant Obesity | Surgical
Links and Associations Between Obesity and Diabetes
Among people diagnosed with type 2 (non-insulin-dependent) diabetes, 67 percent have a body mass index > 27 and 46 percent have a body mass index > 30.
About 17 million people in the U.S. have type 2 diabetes, accounting for more than 90 percent of diabetes cases.
An additional 20 million have impaired glucose tolerance, sometimes called pre-diabetes, which is a strong risk factor for developing diabetes later in life. An estimated 70 percent of diabetes risk in the U.S. can be attributed to excess weight.
Data from NHANES III indicates that two-thirds of adult men and women in the USA diagnosed with type 2 diabetes have a body mass index of 27or greater.
Data from the Nurses Health Study demonstrated that the risk of diabetes begins to increase in "normal" weight women when body mass index exceeds 22.
Compared with women who kept their weight within 11 pounds of their initial weight over a 14-year period, women who gained only 11-17 pounds were nearly twice as likely to develop diabetes over that period, even after adjusting for initial body mass index. Those who gained about 24 to 44 pounds were more than 5 times as likely to develop diabetes.
BARIATRIC SURGERY INFORMATION