Health Risks of Morbid, Malignant and Clinical Obesity

Risk of premature death,diabetes, heart disease, cancer
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Health Risks of Morbid and Malignant Obesity

Clinical Morbid Obesity

This is defined as a body-mass index of 40+. (approximately 100 pounds over ideal body weight) and is linked with significant health problems.
  • Obesity is linked to diabetes. 80 percent of patients with type 2 diabetes are obese.
  • Obesity increases risk of gallbladder disease and gallstones.
  • Obesity is a major risk factor for heart disease. Almost 70 percent of diagnosed heart disease is obesity-related.
  • Being obese doubles the risk of elevated blood pressure (hypertension).
  • Obesity is linked to a higher risk of cancers like breast, endometrial and colon cancer. (see below)
  • Obesity is one of the cluster of symptoms comprising insulin resistance syndrome (metabolic syndrome X).

Effect of Morbid Obesity on Premature Death

Obese people of both sexes, especially young obese people, tend to die sooner than their lean contemporaries. In a 12 year follow-up of 336,442 men and 419,060 women, it was found that premature mortality rates for men who were 50 percent above average weight, were twice the normal. Mortality was increased five fold for diabetics and four fold for those with digestive tract disease.

Morbid Obesity Health Risks for Women

In women, the mortality was also increased two fold, while in female diabetics the mortality risk increased eight fold and three fold in those with digestive tract disease.

Morbid Obesity Cancer Risks

Cancer mortality rates are increased in morbidly obese males; e.g. colorectum (1.7 times), and prostate (1.3 times). Cancer mortality rates are increased in morbidly obese females; e.g. endometrium (5.4 times), gallbladder (3.6 times), uterine cervix (2.4 times), ovary (1.6 times), breast (1.5 times).

Malignant Obesity

This is defined as a body mass index of 50+ (approximately 200 pounds or more over ideal body weight) and is linked with decreased quality of life, many diseases and an increased risk of dying that has been estimated at 5-10 times greater than that of people of normal weight.

See also:
Body Mass Index
Obesity Levels USA
Obesity Levels Worldwide
Obesity Risk For Diabetes
Morbid Obesity Surgeries
Surgical Reduction of Obesity
Treatment Of Obesity
Effects of Surgery on Morbid Obesity


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Laparoscopic or open bariatric surgery, such as gastric banding or bypass is not an easy solution to morbid obesity and weight loss. It is a serious surgical procedure, involving health risks. To produce lasting weight loss it requires a long-term patient commitment to eating a healthy diet and following a regular program of physical exercise. Life-long use of nutritional supplements may also be necessary. So, before deciding, discuss your options fully with your doctor. © 2003-2014 Bariatric-Surgery.Info - Terms - Contact - Information - Resources